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Peculiar Deaths Of Famous Mathematicians Free E...


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Peculiar Deaths Of Famous Mathematicians Free E...


25. Questions 25-29.The victory of the small Greek democracy of Athens over the mightyPersian empire in 490 B. C. is one of the most famous events inhistory. Darius, king of the Persian empire, was furious because Athenshad interceded for the other Greek city-states in revolt againstPersian domination. In anger the king sent an enormous army to defeatAthens. He thought it would take drastic steps to pacify the rebelliouspart of the empire. Persia was ruled by one man. In Athens, however, all citizens helped to rule. Ennobled by thisparticipation, Athenians were prepared to die for their city-state.Perhaps this was the secret of the remarkable victory at Marathon,which freed them from Persian rule. On their way to Marathon, thePersians tried to fool some Greek city-states by claiming to have comein peace. The frightened citizens of Delos refused to believe this. Notwanting to abet the conquest of Greece, they fled from their city anddid not return until the Persians had left. They were wise, for thePersians next conquered the city of Etria and captured its people.Tiny Athens stood alone against Persia. The Athenian people went totheir sanctuaries. There they prayed for deliverance. They asked theirgods to expedite their victory. The Athenians refurbished their weaponsand moved to the plain of Marathon, where their little band would meetthe Persians. At the last moment, soldiers from Plataea reinforced theAthenian troops.The Athenian army attacked, and Greek citizens fought bravely. Thepower of the mighty Persians was offset by the love that the Athenianshad for their city. Athenians defeated the Persians in archery and handcombat. Greek soldiers seized Persian ships and burned them, and thePersians fled in terror. Herodotus, a famous historian, reports that6400 Persians died, compared with only 192 Athenians.Athens had ____the other Greek city-states against the Persians. 59ce067264






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